Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu Nigeria en-US Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education Analysis of the French-English Bilingual Dictionaries in Junior Secondary Schools https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/129 <p>The paper appraises the dictionaries used at the junior secondary school level (year 7-9) in Lagos State Nigeria. It has been observed that students at the junior secondary school level do not know how to maximize the use of their dictionary. They require a solid foundation in vocabulary acquisition in order to attain language proficiency. In this regard, a research was carried out in Lagos State in which 4 research questions were raised and answered with over three hundred students in private and public schools who study French as a foreign language. The instruments for data collection were questionnaire, classroom observations and interviews. Result shows that about 63.7% of the students are faced with problems of ambiguity when they check a new word, 83% of the students prefer to learn French with coloured picture dictionary. All the students want to have a more elaborate verb conjugation in their dictionary. Based on these findings, the RON French-English Picture Dictionary for Schools was compiled. The RON French-English Picture Dictionary for Schools consists of five parts: Part 1: Pictorial, Part II: French-English, Part III: English-French, Part 1V: Verbs, Part V: Culture and Civilization plus a Pronunciation Guide</p> Rosemary N Ossai Carol C Opara Copyright (c) 2024 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 3 2 1 10 Availability of Instructional Materials for Teaching of Accounting Education in Selected Universities in Enugu State, Nigeria https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/78 <p>The study looked at the resources available at a few Enugu state universities for teaching accounting education. The research design for the study was survey-based. The questionnaire that the researchers created was the research tool that was utilized to gather data. The population for the study during the 2021–2022 academic session consisted of 100 accounting education teachers. Due to the study's modest size, the entire population was studied. The study was led by two hypotheses. Frequency analysis was used to address the study issues, and t-test statistics was employed to assess the hypotheses at the 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study showed that the availability of instructional materials in Business-Accounting Education is hampered by inadequate maintenance, bad instructor attitudes toward facility management, and inferior materials. According to the report, universities should be encouraged by the government to modify their curricula to reflect the evolving needs of students in terms of technology and instructional resources. Modern technology and instructional resources are essential components of effective education, and educators should take advantage of them. To enhance the teaching of accounting education, key and essential instructional resources should be made available by the government, business organizations, parents, educators, and institutions</p> Ebere U Okolo, Chigbo, Elizabeth Odike Patricia Nwafor, Ijeoma D Okafor Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 1 14 Constraints to Teaching and Learning of Science, Vocational and Technical Education in Enugu Municipality, Enugu State, Nigeria https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/74 <p>The purpose of the study was to determine the constraints to teaching and learning of science, vocational and technical education in Enugu, Nigeria. The study addressed the curriculum of science, vocational and technical education in Nigeria. It examined the challenges inherent in the implementation of the curriculum. Fifty (50) respondents were selected by simple random sampling and responses obtained with structured questionnaire and focus group discussion schedule. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. The findings showed dearth of instructional materials and non-comprehensive curricular as major constraints to teaching and learning science, vocational and technical education in Enugu. Based on the findings, the researchers made this major recommendation: sourcing and supplying of up to date facilities, curricular and tools into the schools’ workshops and laboratories</p> Nnadozie A. K Ogbonna Ikechukwu Egudu Joseph, C Eze Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 15 28 Educational Management: A Key to Innovative Pedagogical Processes in the Post Covid-19 Pandemic World in Universities in Enugu State, Nigeria https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/75 <p>This study investigated the extent to which educational management and leadership,&nbsp;function as a key, to innovative pedagogical methods in the wake of the COVID 19 pandemic in universities in Enugu State, Nigeria. Two research questions guided the study. Relevant literature were reviewed. The study was theoretically hinged on the transformational leadership theory. In particular, the study was conducted at Godfrey Okoye University in Enugu, which is a private institution in&nbsp;the South Eastern part of Nigeria. For the study, a descriptive survey design was used with a population of 25 employees from the university's faculty of education and 10 employees from the quality assurance unit. Questionnaires were employed as&nbsp;tools for gathering data. The data was examined using the mean and standard deviation. The result of the study among others was that the education managers provided an enabling environment for teachers to use e-learning and innovative pedagogical processes in teaching and learning in the post COVID 19 pandemic world. One of the recommendations of this study is that lecturers and educational managers should attend in-service training regularly. It was also recommended that classrooms should be adequately equipped with ICT facilities for effective teaching and learning</p> Hilda Chineze Agusiobo Blessing Anukaenyi Nnamdi Sunday Ene Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 29 44 Effect of Virtual Project Based Method on Students’ Achievement in Essay Writing in the Post Covid-19 Pandemic World https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/76 <p>This study looked at how students' essay-writing skills fared after COVID-19 using a virtual project-based method. The pre- and posttest designs in this quasi-experimental study were non-randomized control groups. There were no missing courses. The study took place in Enugu State's Awgu Education Zone. The population of the study consisted of all seniors of Senior Secondary School II of Awgu Education Zone. A total of 300 children were included in the sample, and they were split up into groups according to their gender and school district. The method used to collect the data was essay writing in English. The instrument was validated by a professor of English, a certified language educator, and a measurement and evaluation specialist from Godfrey Okoye University in Enugu. Using the Kendall Coefficient of Concordance, the instrument's reliability was 0.77. The data were evaluated using the means, standard deviations, and ANCOVA. The study's conclusions show how considerably the virtual project-based method affected students' mean levels of skill in English essay writing. Female students did better than male students when writing essays in English. The mean achievement of students in essay writing did not, however, differ significantly by gender when using a virtual project-based approach to education. Following these conclusions, it was suggested that teachers adopt and apply a virtual project-based method while educating English essay writing. The government should also codify the efficient application of online project-based learning in the teaching of English essay in secondary schools.</p> Ngozi Anthonia Eneh Felicia Nnenna Ene Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 45 62 Entrepreneurship and Practical Demonstration Skills in Business Education - Accounting Option in Post Covid-19 Pandemic Nigeria https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/77 <p>The study investigated entrepreneurship and practical demonstration skills. It focused on lecturers of Business Education-Accounting option in public universities in Enugu State, Nigeria. The research method used was descriptive survey research. Two hypotheses guided the study. The study's population was made up of fifty (50) lecturers from two public universities. The whole population was studied. Questionnaire was used for data collection. The null hypotheses were tested by means of an analysis of variance (ANOVA). According to the study's findings, Business Education-Accounting lecturers were equipped with entrepreneurial skills and practical demonstration abilities in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Among other things, the study recommends that, Business Education – Accounting lecturers should embark on personal short and long time’s entrepreneurial courses to acquire more practical demonstration skills required in teaching; linking all their courses to entrepreneurship.</p> Ebere U Okolo MaryRose Odike Elizabeth Chigbo Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 63 73 Extent to which Innovative Pedagogical Approaches are required in Nigerian Vocational Education https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/79 <p>This study examined the extent to which innovative pedagogical approaches are required in Nigerian vocational education. The study employed descriptive survey research design for the study. Three research questions guided the study and three null hypotheses were tested. Population of the study was 300 vocational educators in the tertiary institutions across the six geo-political zones in Nigeria that offer vocational education. Questionnaire was used as the instrument to guide the conduct of the study. The mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions and determine respondents' ratings homogeneity. In contrast, the t-test was used to test the null hypotheses at a significance level of .05. The study revealed that innovative pedagogical approaches such as collaborative learning, flipped classroom and Google classroom are very much required in vocational education in Nigerian tertiary institutions. Gender and institution type did not significantly differ in the respondents' mean ratings. The study concluded that innovative&nbsp;pedagogical approaches&nbsp;are very much required&nbsp;for vocational education instructional delivery to prepare students for the difficulties of the twenty-first century. Therefore, the study recommends that to provide students with the skills needed in the current vocational education environment, lecturers at tertiary institutions should adopt innovative pedagogical approaches to instruction delivery, and institutions should closely oversee and guarantee complete adherence to the application of innovative pedagogical<em> approaches</em></p> Josephine Shola Aina Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 74 87 ICT-Based Innovative Instructional Designs in the Post Covid-19 Pandemic World https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/80 <p>This study described ICT-based innovative instructional designs in the post Covid-19 pandemic world. Thus, the use of emerging technologies became inevitable in the society, especially in education industry, to reduce personal contact to the barest minimum. The paper was divided into four different parts in order to do justice to it. The first stage covers the important of using ICT-based instructional media in the post covid-19 pandemic world. Second stage explained the use of Innovative pedagogical approaches. In the third stage the paper listed and discussed some ICT-based innovative instructional designs. The last part covers some benefits of emerging technology. This study made use of published journals, e-books as foundation of its secondary data collection. Sequel to the above expose, some important recommendations were made. The use of ICT-based instructional designs in the classroom teaching and learning is very important because emerging technologies have become a profound means of teaching students today in their different location at the same time. Governments should enhance research by equipping research institutes with emerging technologies which facilitates research activities. By using these emerging technologies, students learning at their convenient and in their different locations in their learning activities. Therefore, ICT-based instructional designs, emerging technologies, facilitates learning and makes easier for educators and students to update themselves in the recent discoveries in education industry.</p> Marcellinus N Aneke, Chinwe Angel Nnamani James O Okeke Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 88 102 Imperative of Inclusive Education for Nation Building: An Overview of Issues for Sustainable Socio-Economic Development in the Post Covid-19 Pandemic Era in Nigeria https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/81 <p>There are no doubt threats to national development which is hoped to be actuated through quality, efficient, effective and functional education system built upon a viable and pragmatic curriculum; but this has largely been a dilemma and seemingly utopic. The researcher in this paper attempted to project in the public domain critical conceptual and contemporary issues germane to education as an imperative for national development in Nigeria. The study attempted to identify the missing links as well as interrogated the inter-connectedness between inclusive education, its challenges and prospects for sustainable socio-economic development in Nigeria in this post covid-19 pandemic era. The research paper adopted content analysis and descriptive approach in exploring the relevant issues in the discourse. Some valuable recommendations were made by the researcher viz: Government at all tiers should make education policies that will facilitate inclusive education. Stakeholders and Non-governmental Organization (NGO) should help the government in providing essential instructional media, such as hand rails, wheel chairs, hearing aids and brail. Curriculum developers should endeavour to factor in the cherished values of the society ranging from Local Government to State and to the entire nation at large. Teachers will as well implement the curriculum with every seriousness. For a comprehensive inclusive education in Nigeria, there should be technical schools established both learners living with disability and those that are not. Therefore, every learner should be considered.</p> Marcellinus Nnanna Aneke Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 103 116 Innovative Instructional Approach for Teaching and Learning of Biology and Other Science Subjects https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/82 <p>Instructional approach is the practice of creating instructional experiences which make the acquisition of knowledge and skill more efficient, effective, and appealing. In a classroom setting, teachers use their knowledge of subject matter, teaching and learning and technology to facilitate experiences that advance student learning, creativity, and innovation in both face-to-face and virtual environments. Instructional materials must be provided in the classroom model in a way that encourages active learning among the students. However, previous curricular models mainly rely on customary student-centered, teacher-centered learning strategies. Recent scholarship encourages educators to use student-centered learning strategies. The classroom model must present instructional materials in a way that promotes student engagement in active learning. The majority of past curriculum approaches, however, focus on the traditional student-centered, teacher-centered learning techniques. Recent academic work urges teachers to employ student-centered learning techniques. Based on a survey of recent literature, this article explains the self-organized learning environment (SOLE), an active learning technique, as well as the scholarly process used to create an original teaching and learning approach. In the secondary schools in Nigeria, this research suggests possible pedagogical benefits of SOLE in scientific teaching and learning.</p> Veronica, C Ude Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 117 126 Utilization of Innovative Educational Resources in Curriculum Implementation in Post Covid-19 Pandemic Secondary Schools in Enugu State, Nigeria https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/95 <p>The study looked at the resource issues in implementing the History curriculum in secondary schools in Enugu State, Nigeria, following the COVID-19 pandemic. Two research questions served as the study's guiding principles. The study employed a descriptive survey research design. The population of the study consisted of 34 teachers of History from the 28 secondary schools in the 6 education zones. Data were gathered using two instruments: the History Curriculum Questionnaire (HCQ) and the History Instruction Material Checklist (HIMC). The study's questions were answered using frequencies, percentages, means, and standard deviation. The findings of the study showed that the identified innovative educational resources were moderately available in schools. In addition, teachers’ utilization of the available innovative educational resources in the teaching and learning process was to a low extent. It was recommended that stakeholders in the education sector should help provide more innovative educational resources for effective teaching and learning. Furthermore, that teachers of History should be exposed to regular seminars and workshops to be abreast with most current technological innovations in teaching and learning of History.</p> Innocent Ugwuoke Ishiwu, Gregory Ekene Osuji Donatus Nwobodo Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 295 301 Innovative Pedagogical Approach on Students’ Achievement and Retention in the Post Covid-19 Pandemic World in Senior Secondary School Mathematics in Enugu State, Nigeria https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/83 <p>This study investigated creative pedagogical technique for senior secondary school student academic retention and success in Mathematics in the post Covid-19 pandemic world in Enugu State. The study used a quasi-experimental research design with non-equivalent controls, pre-tests, and post-tests. . The population of 34 312 (SS2) students used in the research. Using a simple random sampling approach, 395 students (230 males&amp; 165 females) for the study. A geometry achievement exam and a geometry retention test were the study's testing methods. The data were evaluated with standard deviation and mean usage in order to respond to the study's queries and assess the hypotheses. When teaching mathematics, especially geometry, utilizing computer-assisted education, there is a considerable difference in both the students' achievement and their capacity to retain information. The researchers recommended that math instructors employ the CAI method, which was found to be more effective and gender-neutral, among other things, when instructing students in arithmetic in schools</p> E. A Ozomadu B. O Edeoga Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 127 138 Innovative Pedagogical Approaches in Religious Education: Panacea to Moral Decadence among Nigerian Youths in Post Covid-19 Pandemic https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/84 <p>God made man higher than the lower animals, creating him in his own image and likeness,<strong> “imago dei,</strong>”and endowed him with intellect and will, thus making him the apex of all creation, yet man has from the origin exhibited instances of character deficiency. It has always been a constant and consistent rising and falling, wittingly or unwittingly, irrespective of the age. There is no time that man is totally free from one moral shortcoming or the other. This moral inadequacy is more prevalent among the youths. Then, the COVID-19 pandemic broke out in December 2019 un-prognosticated. It landed suddenly, taking everyone, every country unawares. Actually, it left a lot of bad memories on its trail. The writer aims to restore moral standard which had been wobbling, even before the Covid-19 through Religious Education. Although traditionally, religious education has been on-going for years, he is strongly persuaded that the twenty first century religious education should adopt Innovative Pedagogical Approaches in tackling youths’ problems, especially as modern technology has influenced them adversely. Innovative Pedagogical Approaches as a medium in teaching religious education is geared to combat moral decadence among the Nigerian Youths. It is envisaged that this method will engender anew awakening for people to embrace Religious Knowledge and its practice, with greater seriousness and commitment. Sincerely, it is only aggressive Religious Education that has the capacity to help man answer these three-pronged constantly vexing and existential questions: Who am I? Why am I here? Where am I going?</p> Edward C Kanife Patience Ugwu Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 139 154 Innovative Pedagogical Approaches in Science Education in the Post Covid-19 Pandemic World https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/85 <p>This paper discusses innovative teaching methods in science education after the COVID- 19 pandemic era. Due to the COVID- 19 epidemic, schools and institutions have been forced to move to online learning and have encountered several difficulties. As a result, scientific education has started to rely more and more on modern pedagogical approaches that are more adapted to distance learning. This study examines several innovative educational practices, the issues the epidemic presents, the effectiveness of those techniques in addressing those challenges, and prospective prospects for advancing science education. In doing so, it will examine innovative methods for teaching science, point out the need for more varied approaches, and evaluate how novel pedagogical approaches affect student engagement and knowledge acquisition. Conventional teaching methods take care of learners centred and media interactions for example teaching with zoom and other varied examples.</p> O. J Okeke C. P. Okeke Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 155 163 Nigeria's Education System Policy Review on Virtual Classroom over Traditional Classroom Learning and Management https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/86 <p>The effectiveness of the internet as a medium for offering educational packages must be assessed as more tertiary institutions in Nigeria investigate creating educational materials and programmes for distribution via the internet to supplement traditional classroom instruction. With the growth of social media, internet-assisted learning is progressively gaining popularity among young people in school. With its highly competitive e-commerce, e-medical, e-transportation, and e-learning structure, internet learning is acknowledged on a global scale in a digitally civilized society. Beyond the population of school age, individuals need to be aware of and accept how technology is influencing all aspects of their lives. The management of such advancements must be addressed at the learning enterprise's instructional levels. The paper presents an exploratory study that examined the viability of integrating conventional teaching techniques with e-learning in Nigeria. This combination is under the purview of educational policies and implementation frameworks for management. By investigating potential causes/scenarios for the performance and attitude of sampled students toward e-learning, we offer implications and consequences of internet-based education on student learning.</p> Veronica Egonekwu Mogboh, Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 164 180 Online Eclectic Approach to Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Post- Pandemic Era https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/87 <p>In a post-pandemic era, this study looked into the online eclectic approach to teaching English as a foreign language. The study was conducted using a survey research design. Review of study-related literature was conducted. 10,478 learners from the 31 schools in Enugu Education Zone consisted the study's population, together with 69 English language instructors. 122 students and 45 teachers were chosen using a disproportionate stratified selection procedure. For data collection, a validated Likert-type questionnaire, a check list and an observational schedule were created. Data were organized and evaluated in accordance with the study questions. The study's conclusions included, among others, the following: Few online eclectic techniques are used in teaching English as a foreign language in the post-pandemic era, and traditional teacher-centered approaches still predominate in English classrooms. These results lead to the conclusion that the Online Eclectic Approach makes it simpler and more feasible for students to acquire a second language. In order to teach English communication skills at all educational levels. It was proposed that decision-makers and curriculum developers adopt an online eclectic approach</p> Martina O Ene, Felicia N Ene Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 181 192 Participation of School-Based Management Committee in the Administration of Public Secondary Schools in Enugu, Nigeria https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/88 <p>The primary goal of the study was to determine how much of Enugu State's secondary schools were under the supervision of the School-Based Management Committee (SBMC). The necessary data were collected from the respondents using two research questions. The inquiry started with the creation of two null hypotheses and was conducted using a descriptive survey methodology. All of the secondary school principals from the six government-owned education zones in Enugu State who were chosen from the Executive Members of SBMC at each institution, as well as all of the PA Executives from each of the six education zones, participated in the study. The communities of the 314 schools were represented by a total of 314 principals and 1,435 Parents Association (PA) members. Three experts in the field validated the questionnaire. Two of the professionals came from the Department of Educational Management, while the third came from the Measurement and Evaluation division of the Department of Science and Computer Education. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was calculated using the Cronbach Alpha formula. The instrument's strong reliability was proven by the alpha value, which was found to be 0.86.&nbsp; The study's issues were addressed using mean scores and standard deviation, and the hypotheses were assessed using the t-test statistic at the 0.05 level of significance. The major findings of the study revealed broad consensus regarding the degree of SBMC engagement in the funding of secondary schools in Enugu State. It was proposed that executives of the parents' organization and school administrators take into account fresh ways to pay for the institution's necessities</p> H. C Ogbuanu I. J Agigwo M. O Aroh Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 193 205 Perceived Challenges of Effective Implementation of Secondary School Education Curriculum in Post Covid-19 Pandemic Nigeria https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/89 <p>The COVID-19 pandemic like a dream took Nigeria and the rest of the world by surprise and gave rise to the shutting down of educational and other socio-economic activities worldwide. The students were asked to return to their homes to avoid staying and working in groups. The traditional talk/chalk approaches were no longer helpful and solution, to the problem on ground due to social-distancing measures adopted at the time. Using ICT (information and communication technology) in education has now made for a paradigm shift in curriculum implementation process. The implementers of curriculum can now employ different platforms like WhatsApp, Zoom, Skype Virtual Classrooms, and Facebook etc. to deliver lectures to students in their comfort zones. The challenges of innovative pedagogical approaches in curriculum implementation like limited funding of schools, inadequate supply of school facilities, poor motivation of teachers, non-compliance of majority of students and teachers among others.&nbsp; This paper presented the conceptual meaning of the key variables, secondary school Education, Effective Curriculum Implementation Sustainable Development. The challenges of Innovative Pedagogical approaches in curriculum implementation and the way forward were highlighted</p> Ishiwu, Innocent Ugwuoke Ibem Ukpai Ogele, Anastecia Uzoamaka Eze Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 206 219 Perceived Students’ Needs and Adjustments towards Online Learning in Post Covid -19 Pandemic in Anambra State https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/90 <p>This paper investigated the perceived students’ needs and adjustments as it affects online learning in the post Covid-19 pandemic in public universities in Anambra State. Three research questions were raised while three hypotheses were formulated and tested.&nbsp; Descriptive survey research design was employed. The population of the study comprised 10,857 final year students which was made up of 5,019 males and 5,838 females. The sample size comprised 869 final year students from the selected public universities. Structured questionnaire was the instrument used for the data collection. The instrument was validated by two experts, one in measurement and evaluation and the other in Computer Science. The reliability of questionnaire was established using Cronbach Alpha statistic with internal consistency index of 0.82. The collected data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for the research questions while t test of independence was used in testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that majority of the students have adjusted with online learning with a high level of readiness. Furthermore, the findings revealed that students indicated high level of ICT skills and competencies needed for online learning. The study revealed that fear of high cost of data, poor internet services, erratic power supply, inaccessibility to online library resources and limited access to computer were the major perceived challenges to effective online learning. Based on this findings, it was recommended that&nbsp; Nigerian&nbsp; universities&nbsp; must&nbsp; as&nbsp; a&nbsp; matter&nbsp; of&nbsp; necessity,&nbsp; improvise&nbsp; means&nbsp; through which knowledge delivery and general learning activities can be achieved seamlessly and at the lowest cost to the students even while they are at home</p> Blessing Adamaka Anukaenyi Hilda Chineze Agusiobo Nnamdi Sunday Ene Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 220 233 Predictive Effect of Programmed Learning Strategy and Students’ Computer Literacy on Senior Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Computer Studies https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/91 <p>The study established, how PLS affects students' learning Computer Studies success and Computer Literacy level. The study looked at whether student computer literacy could predict how well they would do in computer studies. With a population of 4832 SS II pupils, with 236 SS II students making up the sample.this study's design was a quasi-experimental one. Because the Department of Mathematics and Computer Education, ESUT specialists had verified the Student Computer Literacy Scale (SCLS) and Computer Studies Achievement Test (CAT), they were used to gather data. In a trial run, 45 students from Army Day Secondary School in Gariki received each instrument. The institution was chosen since it was beyond the focus of the investigation. Cronbach Alpha and Kuder-Richardson (KR-20) coefficients, which were used to analyze the data, produced coefficients of 0.79 and 0.86, respectively. These findings demonstrated the instruments' dependability. For research topics and testing hypotheses, data was examined using mean and standard deviation, Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient, and multiple regression. According to the study, students' computer literacy was a significant predictor of their ability in computer studies, and programmed learning strategies improved both the students' performance and their computer literacy. As a result, the study advised that the Federal/State Ministries of Education create computer science curricula that include programmed learning methodologies and must create measures to ensure that students taking computer science are computer literate</p> Patricia Nkiru Eziokwu Uchechukwu Ugochukwu Asogwa Henrietta Chidi Ogbuanu Charles Chiakonam Chiamogu Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 234 256 Principals’ Application of Personnel Management Skills for Staff Motivation and Delegation of Duties in Secondary Schools in Enugu State in Post Covid-19 Pandemic Era https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/92 <p>The study inquired into the principals’ usage of the skills for motivation and delegation to influence the performance of teachers in the area of study. All 293 school principals constitute the population. Five (5) Local government areas were randomly selected for the study and their teachers were the respondents. Two research questions provided a guide to the study. A “Questionnaire of Motivation and Delegation skills of Principals’ was adopted to obtain information from the respondents. A modified Likert’s four-point rating scale was used to rate the instrument, with 2.50 as an accepted mean score. Mean (X) and standard deviation (SD) were used in answering the research questions while the ‘t’ test was used for the hypothesis at a significant level of 0.05. As revealed by the results, principals apply the skills for motivation and delegation of duties to a very low level. Furthermore, the result shows that the difference in the mean ratings of the respondents for urban and rural principals is not significant. These prompted the recommendation for training of principals on the skills for management of staff especially for motivation and delegation of duties. Government should also make use of supervision reports to enhance performance</p> Justina Ngozika Udeani Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 257 267 Remote Laboratory: A Practical Alternative for Actualizing Sustainable Science Education in Post COVID-19 Era - a review https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/93 <p>To meet the demands of the United Nations sustainable development objective on education, online learning has gained more attention during the past 10 years. Without the teacher being physically there, various theoretical ideas have been conveyed to students from various parts of the world. Through the use of animated experimental protocols and simulated experiments, remote laboratories, a sort of online learning platform, enable the execution of pricey laboratory practical at little or no cost. In the post-COVID-19 age, this article examines the role of remote laboratories as a useful tool for achieving the sustainable development goal of scientific education. According to reports, online learning has been well received and adapted to, as well as utilized in a variety of industries and organizations. According to reports, virtual laboratories have increased teachers' and students' access to pricey lab equipment, helping to achieve the sustainable development goal. Despite the crucial role that virtual laboratories play in the teaching of practical courses, there has been little to no advancement in the field, particularly in Nigerian science education.</p> Nathaniel, Francis Okechukwu Chinonyerem Okorie Chizoba Ude Regina I Enebechi Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 268 283 Teaching the “Would be Teachers” with Innovative Pedagogy: A Panacea for Promoting Quality Teacher Education in the Post Covid-19 Pandemic, in Enugu State, Nigeria https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/94 <p>COVID-19 pandemic created a gap in teaching and learning. The problem of the study is that the art of teaching the would-be-teachers with traditional methods are being employed by some teachers without a reasonable change to innovative methods of teaching. The would-be-teachers should be exposed to effective learning processes to enable them acquire knowledge for a quality teacher education in the teaching profession. The teaching methodologies could include the use of zoom, WhatsApp, Google classroom, virtual learning, power point and telegram to facilitate their learning abilities in this post COVID-19 pandemic.&nbsp; The aim of this paper is to encourage the use of innovative methods as fastest ways to facilitate teaching the would-be-teachers to enable them get more exposed to the challenges of the changing society which will help them improve in their teaching profession in this post COVID-19 pandemic. Data were gathered mainly from textbooks, journals, internet and other secondary materials. This paper recommends that teachers should adopt and adjust to innovative pedagogy for effective output in teaching the would-be-teachers, especially in this post COVID-19 pandemic</p> J. U Chikelu Amaechi N. N Ani Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 284 294 Utilization of Observational Techniques in the Formative Assessment of Students in Post Covid-19 Pandemic Era https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/96 <p>This paper focused on observational techniques that could be used in the classroom by the teacher to assess learning experiences, learning outcomes, and behavioral exhibitions during teaching and learning. Observational techniques could be used as instruments of formative assessment. Teachers can adopt them as formative assessment techniques to make decisions about what students will achieve at the end of the class, that is, their learning targets. Observational techniques are non-test techniques such as checklist, anecdotal records, rating scales, and technology which are needed by teachers to impart learning, improve learning and measure students’ learning. Observation is an assessment tool through which students’ learning abilities, learning experiences, and level of performance can increase or be improved. Through observation teachers can facilitate, modify, laud, and stimulate their students. However, in this post COVID-19 era, the hybrid mode of teaching which integrates online and physical methods is mostly adopted. Since observation in classroom requires that the teacher records what he/she directly observes, it can therefore, be done using both online one-on-one encounter. Through observational techniques the gap created by COVID-19 pandemic on the learning and performance level of students can be filled</p> , Agatha Chukwufumnanya Kunuba Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2023-11-03 2023-11-03 3 2 302 317 Gender-Based Differential Item Functioning Analysis as an Innovative Pedagogical Strategy: An X-Ray of National Business and Technical Certificate Examinations https://gojournals.gouni.edu.ng/index.php/gouijoe/article/view/130 <p>Schools across the globe have reopened after Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic with innovative pedagogical approaches including innovations in teacher-made assessments to help manage the effect of the pandemic. There are growing concerns among educators that teacher-made assessment (tests) may contain differential item functioning (DIF). The paper assessed gender-based DIF in the 2020 May/June National Business Certificate (NBC)/National Technical Certificate (NTC) Physics multiple choice test of the National Business and Technical Examinations Board (NABTEB) for possible adaptation in classroom assessment. Ex-post facto research design was used for the study. A total of 23,769 candidates that sat for the physics certificate examinations in Nigeria in 2020 were selected by census. 2020 May/June NBC/NTC Physics multiple choice test was used for data collection. The instrument belongs to a - public examination body, NABTEB and cannot be modified by external validation process. The reliability was established by NABTEB too. The students’ responses to items of the instrument were obtained from NABTEB in a-person by item matrix format. The Binary Logistic Regression of SPSS 21 version was used to analyse gender-based DIF for each item. The results of the data analyses provided answers to research questions. The hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance using Wald statistic. It was found that some items of the instrument contained genderbased DIF and recommended, among others, that teachers should consider DIF analysis during test development processes to enhance test fairness and quality</p> Mark E Ugwoke Leonard C Anigbo Copyright (c) 2023 Godfrey Okoye University International Journal of Education 2024-04-19 2024-04-19 3 2 318 328